Considering Hybrid and Electrical Mechanic Training? 3 Common Energy Storage Systems
Today, almost everything we do requires the use of energy. This is especially true when we consider the way we get around. In fact, electrification has quickly become a priority in the automotive and transportation industries, and electric vehicles are growing in popularity as accessibility gradually improves. Suppose you see yourself pursuing a hybrid and electrical mechanic career and being a part of this interesting shift in the industry. In that case, you’ll want to learn more about the energy storage systems that are being used to power modern hybrids and EVs. Read on for a brief overview of the most common energy storage systems.
1. Most Common Energy Storage System for EVs: Lithium Ion Batteries
Most hybrids and electric vehicles utilize electrochemical energy through lithium-ion batteries. Chemical reactions produce electricity which passes through a circuit to create a current. Presently, lithium-ion batteries are the dominant energy storage system for EVs. They have a high energy density, excellent high-temperature performance, and a long life cycle, making them an efficient and cost-effective solution. Several variations fall under the lithium-ion battery umbrella as different materials are used to form the cathode or the positive electrode of the battery. Nickel, manganese, aluminum, iron, and phosphate are some common examples. After hybrid and electrical mechanic training, where you’ll learn about energy storage systems in detail, you’ll find that nickel is the highest performer and is thus used by well-known automakers like Tesla, Volkswagen, BMW, Audi, and GM.
2. Static Energy is Harnessed Through Electrolytic Capacitors
Using the triboelectric effect, which occurs when two different materials are rubbed against one another and exchange charges, innovators have learned that we can use the electricity generated by static energy to offer faster charging times and a longer driving range. How? Electrolytic capacitors. They come in various materials, including aluminum, tantalum, and niobium. Static energy is stored to enhance electrochemical energy and provide extra assurance to hybrid and EV drivers.
3. You May See Flywheels After Hybrid and Electrical Mechanic Training
Kinetic energy refers to any energy that’s been stored due to momentum. Flywheels are interesting mechanisms that store large amounts of kinetic energy, acting as a sort of mechanical battery. Traditionally, they are essentially large, very heavy wheels that require a lot of force to spin around. Still, modern flywheels have become far more compact and are typically made from composite materials instead of being entirely made of steel. Using kinetic energy harnessed by flywheels offers extra power and further boosts EV driving ranges.
If you’re interested in energy storage systems, you’ll be glad to know that there are plenty of career opportunities available in this area. When you complete hybrid and electric vehicle mechanic training, you’ll be fully prepared to explore a wide range of career options in the industry.
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