5 Things Every Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Mechanic Should Know Before Launching Their Career
A career as an auto mechanic is nothing short of exciting, as advances in technology are always evolving and new systems emerge. Hybrid and electric vehicles are no exception, with manufacturers always trying to make improvements and keep buyers interested in purchasing the next best thing.
Hybrid and electric vehicles are made up of some different components than traditional gas-powered cars, and it’s important that a mechanic knows the basics of these vehicles. Read on to learn more about the hybrid and electric market to prepare for your training.
1. The Difference Between Plug-In Hybrid vs Pure Electric Vehicles
Being able to distinguish between the different approaches required for various electric cars is imperative for mechanics. Plug-in hybrid vehicles can operate on battery power for full electric driving for distances of 25 to 80 kilometres. After the battery power is depleted, they operate on fuel and can get the range of a gasoline engine when needed. Alternatively, pure electric vehicles are highly efficient, fully battery powered, and able to satisfy the driving needs of a typical car owner for a few days at a time before requiring recharging.
2. Canada’s Federal Incentives for Electric Car Buyers
One factor that may affect mechanics is the federal incentive in Canada for consumers who purchase or lease electric vehicles. With varying savings incentive amounts available depending on the type of vehicle, the government is encouraging consumers to purchase this newer technology that may be less harsh on the environment. With these incentive programs, mechanics may see more of these cars entering their shops, reemphasizing the importance of understanding basic mechanical repairs of these vehicles.
3. Safety Concerns for a Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Mechanic
While training to become a hybrid and electric vehicle mechanic, you will learn to recognize the safety risks associated with this type of work. Your experienced instructors will guide you in developing an unwavering commitment to electrical safety application. Not only will you be protecting yourself, but also the people you will be working with while repairing these high voltage vehicles.
4. Various High Voltage Systems Found in Electric Car Models
Not every hybrid and electric car has the same wiring systems. Knowing the difference will ensure the safety of everyone involved, and will also ensure the complete and high-quality repair of the vehicle. In your hybrid and electrical mechanic course, you will learn how to recognize important components of each type of high voltage system and how to operate on them effectively through the interpretation of each warning documentation. Common components include the insulation guard, the HV interlock loop, and thermal management systems.
5. General Steps to Take When Preparing to Work on an Electric Vehicle
General safety is always the best place to start when assessing a situation involving hybrid and electric vehicles. Before getting too far ahead, always check to see that you’ve covered your safety basics. These include completely switching off the electrical system of the vehicle and checking to make sure there is no voltage present. You will want to secure the mechanism in this state and ensure that the current remains switched off. From here, you can check the manufacturer specifications to begin your work.
Want to start your hybrid and electrical mechanic training?
Reach out to ATC Montreal for more information!